It is relatively easy to have healthy long thick hair by following one basic rule: whatever you are doing for your hair styling routine, make it as least damaging to the hair shaft as possible. Hair has two separate structures, the follicle in the skin and the shaft we see.
The follicle is a living part of the hair, and the hair shaft is made up of dead, hard protein called keratin. Hair on the scalp grows about .3-.4 mm/day or about 6 inches per year and by performing the proper scalp care will make your hair grow faster and longer, and with minimal hair loss it will make your hair appear thicker.
One of the follicle layers called papilla contains capillaries, or tiny blood vessels, that feed the cells, so the hair reproducing process continues. Poor blood circulation can cause hair thinning or even loss, so one of the goals of a scalp treatment will be promoting blood circulation. The other threat to hair follicles is mechanical damage, such as harsh hair brushes that scratch the scalp, or something attached to the hair roots like glue-in, bead in, or tape-in hair extensions that eventually destroy hair follicles by the additional weight put on the roots.
Every follicle has a component which secretes an oily/waxy substance called sebum, which is a natural conditioner. The lack of producing or overproducing of sebum is a sign of trouble and should be treated seriously; otherwise it can lead to chronic dandruff and even hair loss.
When you have a healthy scalp it is easy to grow beautiful thick hair, but how do you make hair shiny, sexy and never look dull?
The one thing everyone who cares about hair should remember is that each hair shaft is made up of dead protein called keratin, so once the hair structure is damaged it won’t heal back. The incredible shine hair gets is because of the structure of the upper hair shaft layer called cuticle.
Cuticle is formed by tightly packed scales in an overlapping structure similar to roof shingles. A damaged cuticle leads to hair tangling, frizzing and breakage. There are times when hair is damaged beyond repair, and it takes lots of conditioning and hair care products to make them even look acceptable again.
What went wrong and how can you make sure it never happens again?
No chemical abuse! Products like relaxers and hair color that aren't used properly will damage hair. Applying harsh color on chemically processed hair is another potential damage scenario. Blond hair color on bone-straight relaxed tresses is just asking for trouble. The lifting and depositing process on hair that's already been processed is too harsh to leave in the hands of anyone who doesn't have experience treating double-processed hair.
Vitamin E is a fat-soluble antioxidant that is essential for the maintenance of healthy skin. Vitamin E has many biological functions, but its antioxidant function is the best known. Vitamin E may also perform related anti-inflammatory roles in the skin. Topical applications of vitamin E permeate the epidermis and dermis, while sebum provides a delivery mechanism for vitamin E to the outer layer of skin. After topical applications, vitamin E accumulates not only in cell membranes but also in the extracellular lipid matrix of the outer layer of skin, where vitamin E contributes to antioxidant defenses.